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The Child's World: The Comprehensive Guide to Assessing Children in Need

The Child's World: The Comprehensive Guide to Assessing Children in Need

by Jan Horwath
  There is a lack of understanding from professionals about what the child's world is like. Assessment is crucial, but so often is found lacking.
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At-risk Youth: A Comprehensive Response for Counselors, Teachers, Psychologists and Human Services Professionals

At-risk Youth: A Comprehensive Response for Counselors, Teachers, Psychologists and Human Services Professionals

by J. Jeffries McWhirter, Benedict T. McWhirter, Ellen Hawley McWhirter and Robert J. McWhirter.
  Youth who are at risk is a major concern within society.To help prepare students this book provides conceptual and practical informationon on key issues and problems. Prevention and intervention techniques are described in the book to help students and professionals perform their jobs successsfully and to improve the lives of those youth at risk.
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Loneliness Affects Health

September 2007 - A study by University of Chicago psychologists, Louise Hawkley and John Cacioppo published in Current Directions in Psychological Science investigated the relationship between social isolation, loneliness, and physical deterioration associated with aging. Pointing out that loneliness is not the same as solitude which can be highly valued they nevertheless conclude that social isolation and physical aging may have a deleterious effect on health.

Researchers tested the hypothesis that the relatively mild impact of loneliness in the young may have a cumulative effect by studying a group of college-age individuals and continuing an annual study of a group who were between 50 and 68 years old when recruited.

Stressful experiences inevitably increase with age. Lonely participants in the older group reported the same number of stressful life events but identified more sources of chronic stress and reported greater childhood adversity. They also differed in how they perceived their life experiences, appearing more helpless and threatened and less likely to seek help.

At the cellular level, researchers found that lonely participants had higher levels of epinephrine in their urine. They explain that this is a "fight or flight" hormone suggesting a heightened state of arousal. As with blood pressure, the physiological impact is likely to become more apparent with aging. Stress hormones are also involved in fighting inflammation and infection, perhaps less effectively when loneliness is a factor.

Normal reliance on processes like sleep to recover from stress was also affected. Researchers monitored the younger participants and found that the lonely had poorer quality sleep associated with numerous "micro awakenings" and more daytime dysfunction. They point out that sleep tends to deteriorate with age, and combined with loneliness this natural restorative process is probably further compromised.

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